Matthew J. Bair, MD, MS

Associate Professor of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine
Research Scientist, Indiana University Center for Health Services and Outcomes Research
Research Scientist, William M. Tierney Center for Health Services Research, Regenstrief Institute, Inc.
Core Investigator, VA HSR&D Center for Health Information and Communication

   Dr. Bair is a core investigator for the VA Health Services Research and Development Center for Health Information and Communication, an attending physician in the Inpatient Medicine Service at Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center, and Associate Professor of Medicine in the Indiana University School of Medicine. His specific program of research is focused on affective disorders (e.g. depression and anxiety) and chronic pain and developing strategies to improve pain management in the primary care setting.  


   Dr. Bair currently serves as editorial board member for the journals Pain Medicine and Pain Practice and deputy editor for the Journal of General Internal Medicine.  He is director of the Health Services Research & Development Advanced Fellowship Program at Roudebush VA Medical Center, and teaches implementation research methods and evidence-based medicine to medical residents, fellows, and IUPUI junior faculty.  In 2013, IU medical students selected him as “Outstanding Educator”, and in 2014, he received an Indiana University Teaching Award for his instruction in the Student Outpatient Clinic.


   In 2007, Dr. Bair was awarded a Merit Review grant from the VA Rehabilitative Research & Development to conduct a randomized controlled trial to compare a combination of pain treatments, including algorithm-based analgesics, pain self-management, and cognitive behavioral therapy, versus usual care. This was the first of many interventions for chronic pain treatment of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom veterans.

Dr. Bair is board certified in Internal Medicine and a staff physician in Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center. Clinical interests include effective pain management in primary care settings.



  Internal Medicine



Hospital Privileges:  
     Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center  



School of Medicine      Medical College of Wisconsin

     Fitzsimons Army Medical Center

       University of Colorado Health Sciences
Fellowship      Regenstrief Institute, Inc. / Indiana University
Fellowship      Richard L. Roudebush VA Medical Center / Indiana University

Active Studies

VA RR&D (2013-2017)

"Pain Outcomes Comparing Yoga Versus Structured Exercise (POYSE) Trial" (PI)

This is a randomized clinical trial to compare the effectiveness of a yoga-based intervention (YOGA) with that of a structured exercise program (SEP) for subjects with fibromyalgia.

Selected Publications                               |                            Go To PubMed List >>


  1. Higgins DM, Fenton BT, Driscoll MA, Heapy AA, Kerns RD, Bair MJ, Carroll C, Brennan PL, Burgess DJ, Piette JD, Haskell SG, Brandt CA, Goulet JL. Gender Differences in Demographic and Clinical Correlates among Veterans with Musculoskeletal Disorders. Womens Health Issues. 2017 Mar 18. pii:S1049-3867(16)30130-X. doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2017.01.008. PubMed PMID: 28325585.

  2. Outcalt SD, Nicolaidis C, Bair MJ, Myers LJ, Miech EJ, Matthias MS. A Qualitative Examination of Pain Centrality Among Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan Conflicts. Pain Med. 2017 Feb 1;18(2):211-219. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnw137. PubMed PMID: 28204704.

  3. Matthias MS, Kukla M, McGuire AB, Bair MJ. How Do Patients with Chronic Pain Benefit from a Peer-Supported Pain Self-Management Intervention? A Qualitative Investigation. Pain Med. 2016 Dec;17(12):2247-2255. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnw138. Epub 2016 Jul 8. PubMed PMID: 28025359.

  4. Quinn PD, Hur K, Chang Z, Krebs EE, Bair MJ, Scott EL, Rickert ME, Gibbons RD,Kroenke K, D?Onofrio BM. Incident and long-term opioid therapy among patients with psychiatric conditions and medications: a national study of commercial health care claims. Pain. 2017 Jan;158(1):140-148. PubMed PMID: 27984526; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5171228.

  5. Eliacin J, Coffing JM, Matthias MS, Burgess DJ, Bair MJ, Rollins AL. The Relationship Between Race, Patient Activation, and Working Alliance: Implications for Patient Engagement in Mental Health Care. Adm Policy Ment Health. 2016 Dec 1. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27904992

  6. Hausmann LR, Brandt CA, Carroll CM, Fenton BT, Ibrahim SA, Becker WC, Burgess DJ, Wandner LD, Bair MJ, Goulet JL. Racial and Ethnic Differences in Total Knee Arthroplasty in the Veterans Affairs Healthcare System (2001 - 2013). Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2016 Oct 27. doi: 10.1002/acr.23137. PubMed PMID: 27788302.

  7. Sternke EA, Abrahamson K, Bair MJ. Comorbid Chronic Pain and Depression:Patient Perspectives on Empathy. Pain Manag Nurs. 2016 Dec;17(6):363-371. doi:10.1016/j.pmn.2016.07.003. PubMed PMID: 27769812.

  8. Bauer SM, McGuire AB, Kukla M, McGuire S, Bair MJ, Matthias MS. Veterans' pain management goals: Changes during the course of a peer-led pain self-management program. Patient Educ Couns. 2016 Dec;99(12):2080-2086. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2016.07.034.  PubMed PMID: 27516437.

  9. Merlin JS, Young SR, Johnson MO, Saag M, Demonte W, Modi R, Shurbaji S,Anderson WA, Kerns R, Bair MJ, Kertesz S, Davies S, Turan JM. Using Patient Perspectives to Inform the Development of a Behavioral Intervention for ChronicPain in Patients with HIV: A Qualitative Study. Pain Med. 2017 May1;18(5):879-888. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnw150. PubMed PMID: 27425186.

  10. Matthias MS, Kukla M, McGuire AB, Bair MJ. How Do Patients with Chronic Pain Benefit from a Peer-Supported Pain Self-Management Intervention? A Qualitative Investigation. Pain Med. 2016 Jul 8. pii: pnw138. PubMed PMID: 27402958.

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